The ability to read and reading comprehension is critical to all areas of our lives. However, reading can be especially difficult for children struggling with ADHD. These difficulties may stem from their inability to pay attention to low stimuli activities. However, there are many other cognitive skills that are necessary to be a strong reader such as processing speed, impulse control, memory, etc. These skills are also often weak for children with ADHD.
In Verywell Mind, Keath Low states that even if your child with ADHD reads fluently and accurately aloud, they may continue to have trouble understanding and remembering what they just read. This is likely caused by difficulties with sustained attention. Low points out that with inattention comes boredom and fatigue. This can certainly cause the reader’s attention to wander elsewhere.
Reading comprehension is related to working memory which is key to strong executive function. Many individuals with ADHD suffer from executive function disorder, meaning they have difficulty with attention, self-regulation, procrastination, just to name a few. In addition, to inattention and focus, individuals with working memory deficits can also have issues with processing speed and integration of the information read.